Our History


P
rior to its creation and carving out from the Archdiocese of Benin City, the geographical area that makes up Uromi Diocese was for a long time the focus of early missionary endeavour.

The Catholic Diocese of Uromi encompasses the entire Esan land. Geographically, the Catholic Diocese of Uromi is located in the North Central Region of Edo state, made up of Esan West, Esan Central, Esan North East, Esan South East, and Igueben Local Government Areas. It has the following territorial boundaries: In the North and North-West, it is bounded by Etsako Local Government Areas; in the West by Uhunmwode Local Government Area and in the East by the Rivers Alika and Niger. The Diocese is comprised of the following towns: Ekpoma, Irrua, Ewu, Uromi, Ubiaja, Udo, Oria, Ugboha, Illushi, Ifeku, Onogholo, Uzea, Ewatto, Okhuesan, Emu, Orowa, Uroh, Ohordua, Ewohimi, Igueben, Opoji, Ugbegun, Eghoro, Urohi, Ukhun, Idoa, Ebelle, Okalo, Ogwa, Ujiogba, Ugun, Amahor, Ewossa, and Ekpon.

The advent of Catholicism in Esan land began in the early 20th century through the activities of the European explorers and missionaries. These came along with the French and British merchants and adventurers and settled first in Lokoja in 1884 and later moved to Asaba in 1888. An Apostolic Prefecture of the Upper Niger was created with Msgr. Carlo Zappa as its First Vicar Apostolic. It was Msgr. Zappa who in 1908 sent two French Fathers, Frs. Clement Barnwarth and Joseph Corbeau (the pioneer apostles of the Catholic Church in Esan land) to Ubiaja and later Ukoni-Uromi, to propagate the Catholic Faith. After many Ukoni people were converted, Fr. Corbeau had to inaugurate another station at Okpujie-Uromi, which also flourished rapidly.

Nevertheless, many of these neophytes were not well grounded in the Catholic Faith and they had to struggle with their traditional practices and customs that contradicted their new way of life. Often, they found themselves under pressure, through taunts, insult and provocation to give up their faith and return to their traditional beliefs and practices. Whenever, they were able to resist and overcome such temptations, they became strengthened in their faith-conviction and were ready to bear more witness to the Gospel. Ubiaja and Uromi were the starting points from which the Catholic Faith spread to other towns in Esan land.

It is pertinent to remark here, that the S.M.A Fathers of the Irish Province, who succeeded the French Fathers Barnnwarth and Corbeau, adopted the “school system” as a means of evangelization and conversion. As they taught the pupils how to read and write, they also included Religious Instructions as part of the school’s curriculum. Bishop Patrick Joseph Kelly and other supervisors of schools, made sure that school Teachers were equally good Catechists and Interpreters. The Bishop set up school for the training of catechists and brothers who played Intermediary roles between the Missionaries and Local people. In this way, the seed of vocation to the priesthood was sown in the hearts of many.

Pragmatically, the Missionaries were also involved in pastoral activities within and outside the school. Chapels or Churches were built within the Boarding Schools to Cater for the spiritual well being of the students and some Mass centres and outstations were set up in neighbourhoods. It was such stations that gradually evolved into parishes in some places. Sadly, this school system of evangelization was interrupted in 1971, when the Military Government took over all private schools in Nigeria from their rightful owners.

The enthronement of Bishop Patrick Ekpu gave a boost to the evangelization process. Through the great commitment of the Clergy and Religious, the education, enlightenment and empowerment of the laity, many Lay Apostolate Groups emerged. As a result of this, the Lay people participated actively in the missionary activities of the Church.

On December 14, 2005, Pope Benedict XVI, out of the Archdiocese of Benin City created the Diocese of Uromi. This young, dynamic and promising Diocese was canonically erected on February 25, 2006, with Most Rev. Dr. Augustine Obiora Akubeze installed as its pioneer Bishop.

And as God would have it, and as a reward for his hard work, on March 18, 2011, the pioneering Bishop Augustine Obiora Akubeze was raised to the status of an Archbishop and consequently appointed Archbishop of Benin City. He was installed on April 28, 2011. As a result of this elevation, Very Rev. Fr John Akhidue, who was until this time the Vicar General to the then Bishop Augustine Obiora Akubeze was made the Diocesan Administrator pending the announcement of a substantive bishop to succeed Most Rev. Dr Augustine Obiora Akubeze.

Furthermore, by divine providence again, Pope Francis, on November 6, 2014, graciously announced the elevation of Msgr. Donatus Aihmiosion Ogun as the Bishop – elect of Uromi Diocese, to continue with the work of shepherding the flock of Uromi Diocese to greater height as the Bishop. And on January 31, 2015, Msgr Donatus Ogun was ordained and installed Bishop of the Diocese of Uromi to the glory of God, and remains so till date.

Thanks to the visionary leadership of our Chief Shepherd and the collaboration of Priests, Consecrated Persons and the Lay Faithful of the diocese, the Diocese is growing fast in all ramifications. The spiritual life of the faithful is well attended to; many outstations have become Autonomous Mass Centres with Resident Priests while many more churches are being established to further the work of evangelization. To meet the special needs of the elderly who have no one to cater for them in their homes, the diocese has established a home, Uwa Itohan bi Ofure (Home of Mercy and Peace) where these senior citizens are adequately catered for by the Sisters of Saint Louis who run the home and their collaborators.

The Oblates of St Joseph and the Franciscan Sisters of the Immaculate Conception now work in the Diocese. These and other religious institutes are contributing to the growth of the Diocese. All Christ’s faithful of this ecclesiastical jurisdiction are grateful to God for his graces and blessings upon our Diocese. As we work to foster the spiritual uplift as well as the growth and physical development of the Diocese we pray God to bless the work of our hands. May He be the beginning and end of all we do. We humbly ask him to inspire our actions and bring them to completion with his ever present help. Amen

FACTS AND FIGURES OF THE DIOCESE

Year of Creation December 14, 2005
Canonical Erection February 25, 2006
Area of Territory 2,800 km2
Total Population 868,400
Baptised Catholics 121,460
Other Christians 497,960
Non-Christians 248,980
Diocesan Priests 73
Religious Priests 15
Religious Brothers 28
Female Religious 38
Seminarians 52
Deaneries 2
Parishes 26
Outstation Churches 115
Commissioned Catechists 84
Part-time Catechists 76
Major Seminary 1
Preparatory Seminary 1
Catechetical/Evangelisation Training Centre 2
Nursery and Primary Schools 9
Secondary Schools 9
Male Religious Communities 4
Female Religious Communities 7
Hospital 1